Well pumps have existed for as long as there was water in the ground. Farmers, ranchers, and homesteaders have relied on the construction of a pump to water their crops, hydrate their animals, and provide water for their family. However, each pump is not always identical and one pump cannot fit every situation or every well found.
While, one farmer may require a shallow pump due to a smaller area of land or home and another farmer might require a deep well to find his water and a pump specifically constructed for drawing water from deep wells. Each situation required a different pump, and both worked to satisfy the people who needed them.
Today, we will examine several well pumps on the market to determine which is the best shallow well pump and which is the best submersible well pump.
Comparison Table of Best Deep Well Pump Reviews
Red Lion RJS-100
Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A
Red Lion RL12G05 2W2V
Best Well Pump Reviews
#1. WAYNE SWS50
This shallow pump is a great product for those who want a pump that is not only easy to install but also easy to customize. The dual voltage included in this pump offers the user the chance to pump at a low or high voltage, changed with a pre-installed switch. While the pressure switch is already pre-set to an on and off psi, it is simple to change the settings. However, the most convenient feature is its self-priming port.
This was one of my favorite features considering using a well is new and I did not want to damage my pump by not priming it throughout the year. The pump is also quieter than you would expect, which is nice if you’re pumping your water right before dawn or at dawn and do not want to wake any family member still sleeping in.
#2. Flotec FP4012-10
This product is another shallow well jet pump that could be beneficial for a beginning well user. Not only is it set-up to self-prime, but it also comes outfitted with a built-in pressure switch, and a corrosion-resistant nozzle and corrosion-resistant Venture tube. That way, corrosion should be less likely to be transferred over to your plumbing system through this well pump.
The housing for the self-priming is not only resistant to sandy water, but corrosion resistant, and the housing is built from thermoplastic material. This should provide adequate insulation for water primed into the well.
The motor on this shallow well is powerful and can range from ½ HP to 1 HP. This built in longevity is amplified by customization and is something to consider, as pumps with low powered motors that are used too frequently short out, or lose their charge, quickly.
#3. Red Lion RJS-100
This product is a good choice if you need, or want, many amenities with your pump that make it easier to handle, particularly as a beginner. This shallow well pump has cast iron casing, which is great to fight corrosion if your geographical location is more vulnerable to it than most.
It is also rust resistant, ensuring this product will retain its durability for an extended period of time. This shallow well jet pump also has the added benefit of having a great water flow rate at 23 GPM. This rate is three times that of the first shallow pump reviewed, and a little higher than the second one.
The pump even contains an automatic shut-off, and an ability to select the voltage used to more readily connect to existing power structures and sources. This pump appears to be an all-inclusive way to manage a shallow well efficiently and effortlessly.
#4. Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A
This pump has the majority of the required features for a submersible deep well pump built into it already. That product detail is helpful when you are in a situation that requires a hasty purchase and no time to procure the other materials required to set-up your pump.
The strength of the motor, as well as the strength of the voltage used, also indicates its features are optimized efficiently. Its stats support this, as this pump has an impressive water yield at 33 GPM.
The pump contains a pressure tank, a built in check valve, and thermal protection in various forms: a thermal protection switch near the capacitor, and a thermally protected motor to prevent overheating. This energy efficient addition ensures longevity, stability, and durability.
The features in this deep well are so impressive, I would consider using it in an office or other industrial setting that requires well access.
#5. Red Lion RL12G05-2W2V
While this product has a lower power outage, with only ½ HP being used, and also has a less impressive water yield than previously reviewed products, it contains many additional features that might be more amenable to certain consumers who require the extra feature.
Depending on the type of area you are located in geographically, sand can often be a worry regarding potential environmental invasions to your well. This particular deep well contains a pump well equipped with multiple channels to keep sand away from interacting with the water. Furthermore, it stops debris from clouding and clogging the impellers, which would typically affect the psi of the well, or simply stop its production.
This built in protection ensures the well runs smoothly and also has the added benefit of maintaining a quieter operation. The product was built with longevity in mind and its durability suggests that it can successfully endure.
What to Look For When Buying The Best Well Pump
When deciding on which deep well pump is the best fit for you, first consider the size and type of the pump you will need. If you are providing water for a large house and multiple people, then a submersible well pump would be better for you. This is due to the fact that a water storage tank is required when using this type, and it is considered the most long-lasting deep well when properly installed and maintained.
When you determine the size of the pump, begin considering which energy source you want to use. Electrical energy generated pumps are the most common, but there are pumps maintained through alternative sources of energy that are also possible choices.
If an electrical pump is chosen, then the consumer looking to purchase the well should look closely at the electric motor chosen, the bearings for the pump’s motor, internal pump check valves, and the pump control switches. The check valve, foot valve if applicable, and pressure switch should always work properly—an indication the pressure switch might be in need of repair is if the pump refuses to turn off.
The pump’s inability to turn off could alternatively indicate a leak in the drop line or an inadequate amount of well water. The well water level should always be maintained. If the pump starts too frequently, instead of not working, the pump could either have a leak or need to be recharged. Due to the sometimes unavoidable maintenance involved in deep wells, strongly consider attaching a safety rope to the deep well pump before submerging it in the well water so that it can be more easily recovered when maintenance is required.
When purchasing a pump consider how much longevity you require for it. If you do not mind replacing it in a few years, then a jet pump is more of the desirable style of pump for you, although certain ones can also maintain a longer lifespan. However, if you anticipate needing the pump for an extended period of time, the submersible pump is the best choice for your needs.
When is The Best Deep Well Pump Needed?
You will most likely need a deep well pump if your geographical location does not have a high water table, or if the water near the surface is considered an unstable supply. When this occurs, the next course of action to locate your water is to dig deeper than 25 feet. Once the water is found, then a pump can be installed to draw the water from the well.
Most jet pumps are single drop and can therefore only be used with wells 25 feet deep or less. For wells deeper than that, a jet pump must contain a second drop if chosen as the well pump. However, another option is a submersible pump, and this is the only pump you can really use if your well digs deeper than 110 feet.
Deep well pumps are primarily needed for extremely rural areas or areas without much readily available water.
Different Types of Well Pumps
There are primarily two types of well pumps most commonly used: jet pumps and submersible pumps.
However, the jet pump can be used in both shallow well pumps and deep well pumps. The jet pump system for the shallow wells is a single drop mechanism that is located above ground and acquires water thought suction in a single pipe. Because air pressure plays such a pivotal role in the successful drawing of water from this well, the height that the jet pump is mounted above the well matters. Single drop jet pumps cannot work efficiently above 25 feet.
Therefore, wells that required more than 25 feet to be found, must be operated with a submersible pump or a double drop jet pump.
These two types of pumps, submersible or jet, are used almost wherever a well is needed, but primarily in rural areas that lack access to the general electrical grid. The deep well pumps are slightly more complicated, but all three electrical type pumps typically require the water pump is primed before use.
Less common pumps sometimes used by consumers include: solar-powered well pumps that don’t require an external energy source, manual pumps, air-driven pumps, sump pumps and kinetic water pumps. The first mentioned could be used almost anywhere, the manual pump is primarily temporary, the air pump is best used in commercial or industrial settings, sump pumps remove water, and the kinetic water pump is used in agricultural settings because the water within it lacks a purification process.
How Does a Best Well Pump Even Function?
A well pump works through a multi-step process, no matter if it is a shallow well pump or a deep well pump. After the hole in the ground is dug and the water within is found, the consumer inserts a pump above the well water and, after priming the well, some form of suction occurs.
The suction can be single-dropped, which occurs when the water is acquired though a single pipe. This water removal method depends on pressure, which limits the scope of a single drop jet pump to be no more than 25 feet above the water well. This works for shallow well pumps, but not deep well pumps.
For a deep well to use a jet pump it must be double drop, so that one pipe draws water from the well while the other pushes the water upward. Although it requires a foot valve to prime the pipe of the pump, deep well pump that uses a double drop jet pump can draw water from up to 110 feet in the ground.
To achieve an even greater water yield of up to 400 feet, submersible pumps are best. These pumps are submerged in the actual well the water is being drawn from and is sent through a single pipe that connects to the home. It uses a motor to drive the water up the pipe to draw from and would require a storage tank to work properly and accept the water that is sent through the pump’s body.
And the Winner Is …?
The Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A Deep Well Submersible Pump seems to be one of the best deep well pump currently on the market. It was the most easily accessible out of the deep well pumps considered, and was the most versatile. If desired, it could be used residentially or industrially. It appeared long lasting and durable. Furthermore, its water yield and energy efficiency was more impressive than the other pumps. The most important features in any pump are the amount of water yielded and the amount of energy conserved to power the pump. This product had prime features for both conditions.